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1 June 2018

Biodiversity and Ecosystem

SCG established the SCG Biodiversity Committee in 2017 to provide oversight for our operations’ conformity with international standards on  biodiversity management and to foster multi-stakeholder cooperation  under the concept “Business, Community and the Environment” can coexist sustainably.  Another priority is about generating “net positive impact” in all processes involved, and communicating with the community and stakeholders so they know and understand, and promoting the image of the company over the long term

Target

  • All SCG quarries in Thailand develop a master plan on rehabilitation, and a Biodiversity Management Plan, 100% complete by 2019
  • Biodiversity index in the rehabilitated areas must be comparable to that of natural forest buffer zone at a Similarity Index of over 60% by 2022
  • Achieving 10% coverage of biodiversity conservation area as certified by FSC standard at 2 agroforestry sites (Kanchaburi     and Kamphangphetch), or about 25,000 rai by 2018.

 

Strategies

  1. Manage biodiversity sustainably

Monitor and  study national and international regulations or laws relating to biodiversity conservation to apply these to the management, with clear  indicatiors to help utilize results to improve and advance sustainability work.

  1. Be a role model in biodiversity conservation

Conduct study, survey, research the area, in both physical and biological aspects, to collect database for impact assessment, and to define ways to rehabilitate and conseve biodiversity, until there is a model biodiversity  conservation area and a learning center to be replicated in other sites of SCG and partners’

  1. Engage communities and stakeholders on the cause of biodiversity conservation

Communicate and engage regularly with the community, to foster cooperation in rehabilitation and conservation, and on co-benefit from the fertility and biodiversity that we all help to maintain. Work with experts to generate models that are customized to diverse local contexts, ecosystem and biodiversity

 

Action in 2017

 

SCG Cement-Building Materials

For the past 20 years, SCG has continuously implemented quarry rehabilitation and biodiversity management, focusing on limestone  ecosystem restoration of each quarry. The key achievements of quarry rehabilitation are of satisafactory in the abundant of ecosystem especially the natural succession of local species of flora & fauna

To measure the progress toward “Net Positive Impact” of quarry rehabilitation, SCG has set target for plantation survival rate of 80% in 2018.  In 2017, the average survival rate of all 4 sites is 80-90% .

 

Plantation Survival Rate in 2017

 

Quarry Site Plantation Survival Rate (%)
Kangkoi Site 84
Thaluang Site 85
Thungsong Site 96
Lampang Site 90

 

SCG Quarry Rehabilitation and Biodiversity Working Group has been active over the past 20 years conducting research and experiment a variety of  techniques in collaboration with various organizations with the sole objective of rehabilitating and recovering biodiversity loss at the target sites to the best of our ability. Efforts to date have  been  quite  satisfactory  for  SCG  Cement-Building Materials at four quarries in Kaeng  Khoi and Thaluang in Saraburi,  Lampang Quarry in Lampang province and Thungsong Quarry in Nakhon Si Thammarat. Extracting knowledge and  lessons learnt to share with stakeholders and the public would play a part  in raising awareness and commitment to biodiversity conservation for sustainability.

 

SCG Chemicals

As local fisherfolks in Rayong province told us about the rapid decline of fish and  marinelife  population,  SCG has started  a collaboration  with  the  Marine  and  Coastal  Resources Management Office 1 (Rayong) and  the fisherfolks’ group to implement the “Fish Home” project in Rayong since 2012. Together  we  explored  and  fnally  come  up  wih  “Innovation Fish Home from PE100 Pipes.” Under the “waste  to  value”  concept,  this  innovation  uses  the plastic pipes that were disposed of after the moulding process as raw materials to design a habitat for fish and marine life. Currently about 1,200 such fish homes have  been  placed  in  the  sea  along  the  coasts  of Rayong and Cholburi provinces. Throughout the five years, this fish home project has mobilized public-private-community participation, resulting  in  over  8,000  volunteers  from  all  over Thailand to fulfill the marine ecosystem. In addition to generating more income for 29 groups of local fisherfolks, the project added 30 sq.kms. area for conservation, as the local fishermen and  communities  pledged  to  protect  the  zone  and marine species within it from aggressive fishing practices.  The  local  stakeholders  see  this  as  a depository of marine species that can be the source of  livelihoods  of  their  posterity,  and  sustainability  of traditional fishing livelihoods.  From the success of this program,  SCG  plans  to  extend  the  scope  to  add 1,000 fish homes to coastal areas in Chantaburi and Trad, for complete coverage of the east coast. In 2017, apart from constructing and installing 370 fish homes in Rayong and  Cholburi,  the  project  has  conducted  a  biodiversity survey by a team of specialists, and as part of the survey data are collected every 3 months. To keep up  with  public  awareness  drive,  we  organized  the “Volunteers  for  Building  Fish  Homes  activity”  at  the public park in Laemcharoen, Rayong. Over 500  volunteers joined the missioin and handed over the new set of homes to the fisherfolks groups to install at sea.

 

SCG Packaging

SCG  Packaging promotes agroforestry to supply raw materials for pulp production. In doing so we comply strictly with the sustainability guideline  of the Forest Stewardship CouncilTM (FSCTM) which requires a minimum  10%  share of agroforestry acreage to be set aside as biodiversity conservation  area. In 10 years (since 2007) of agroforestry development by  Siam  Forestry Company Limited, under the Sustainable Forest Management  Project located in Kanchaburi and Ratchaburi only, we have a total  of 12,438 rai, of which 2,253 rai are conservation zone, or about 18% of total coverage (higher than the benchmark of 10%). The conservation area is called “Ban  Huay  Sapansamaki  Community  Forest,” localed in the subdistrict of Nong Rong, Panomthuan District,  Kanchanaburi.  The  Company  together  with communitiesand  the  Royal  Forest  Department  established rules in the management and conservation  for  sustainability.    Still survey results showed  the invasion of alien speciies, which is a threat to biodiversity,  and so we worked with the communities to find solution to this issue. From the biodiversity survey conducted in 2013, we found that this community forest is a deciduous forest housing at least 24 species,  the  prominent  ones  being  dominant tree such as Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) Mabb., Sindora siamensis Teijsm.ex Miq. In 2014-2017, we  implemented a project to get rid of Invasive Alien Species which grew so  fast,  vying or space  and threatening the survival of indigenous species. We identified 2 types of weeds that must be elimited namely Lantana camara and  Chromolaena odorata, referenced to  the  list  of  invasive  alien species Thailad must guard against issued by the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy Planning.

 

As a result;

  • In 2014-2017, elimination of alien invasive species was conducted in 220 rai, and we made a joint plan communities to manage 50 rai per year.
  • Organize training activities on forest conservation for 60 youths from communities around the forest.
  • Organize a study visit for the Community Forest Committee to see collection and breeding of saplings in Khon Kaen, and we joined the sub district community forest committee, villagers, students and soldiers based in the area to plant 300 trees of indigenous species such as Afzelia xylocarpa (Kurz) Craib, Sindora siamensis Teijsm.ex Miq.,Dolichandrone serrulata (Wall. ex DC.) Seem., Phyllanthus emblica L., Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. exKurzto enhance biodiversity.

SCG Chemicals

As local fisherfolks in Rayong province told us about the rapid decline of fish and  marinelife  population,  SCG has started  a collaboration  with  the  Marine  and  Coastal  Resources Management Office 1 (Rayong) and the fisherfolks’ group to implement the “Fish Home” project in Rayong since 2012. Together  we  explored  and  fnally  come  up  wih  “Innovation Fish Home from PE100 Pipes.” Under the “waste  to  value”  concept,  this  innovation  uses  the plastic pipes that were disposed of after the moulding process as raw materials to design a habitat for fish and marine life. Currently about 1,200 such fish homes have  been  placed  in  the  sea  along  the  coasts  of Rayong and Cholburi provinces. Throughout the five years, this fish home project has mobilized public-private-community participation, resulting  in  over  8,000  volunteers  from  all  over Thailand to fulfill the marine ecosystem. In addition to generating more income for 29 groups of local fisherfolks, the project added 30 sq.kms. area for conservation, as the local fishermen and  communities  pledged  to  protect  the  zone  and marine species within it from aggressive fishing practices.  The  local  stakeholders  see  this  as  a depository of marine species that can be the source of  livelihoods  of  their  posterity,  and  sustainability  of traditional fishing livelihoods.  From the success of this program,  SCG  plans  to  extend  the  scope  to  add 1,000 fish homes to coastal areas in Chantaburi and Trad, for complete coverage of the east coast. In 2017, apart from constructing and installing 370 fish homes in Rayong and  Cholburi,  the  project  has  conducted  a  biodiversity survey by a team of specialists, and as part of the survey data are collected every 3 months. To keep up  with  public  awareness  drive,  we  organized  the “Volunteers  for  Building  Fish  Homes  activity”  at  the public park in Laemcharoen, Rayong. Over 500  volunteers joined the missioin and handed over the new set of homes to the fisherfolks groups to install at sea.

 

SCG Packaging

SCG  Packaging promotes agroforestry to supply raw materials for pulp

production. In doing so we comply strictly with the sustainability guideline  of the Forest Stewardship CouncilTM (FSCTM) which requires a minimum  10%  share of agroforestry acreage to be set aside as biodiversity conservation  area. In 10 years (since 2007) of agroforestry development by  Siam  Forestry Company Limited, under the Sustainable Forest Management  Project located in Kanchaburi and Ratchaburi only, we have a total of 12,438 rai, of which 2,253 rai are conservation zone, or about 18% of total coverage (higher than the benchmark of 10%). The conservation area is called “Ban  Huay  Sapansamaki  Community  Forest,” localed in the subdistrict of Nong Rong, Panomthuan District,  Kanchanaburi.  The  Company  together  with communitiesand  the  Royal  Forest  Department  established rules in the management and conservation  for  sustainability.    Still survey results showed  the invasion of alien speciies, which is a threat to biodiversity,  and so we worked with the communities to find solution to this issue. From the biodiversity survey conducted in 2013, we found that this community forest is a deciduous forest housing at least 24 species,  the  prominent  ones  being  dominant tree such as Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) Mabb., Sindora siamensis Teijsm.ex Miq. In 2014-2017, we  implemented a project to get rid of Invasive Alien Species which grew so  fast,  vying or space  and threatening the survival of indigenous species. We identified 2 types of weeds that must be elimited namely Lantana camara and  Chromolaena odorata, referenced to  the  list  of  invasive  alien species Thailad must guard against issued by the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy Planning.

 

As a result;

  • In 2014-2017, elimination of alien invasive species was conducted in 220 rai, and we made a joint plan communities to manage 50 rai per year.
  • Organize training activities on forest conservation for 60 youths from communities around the forest.
  • Organize a study visit for the Community Forest Committee to see collection and breeding of saplings in Khon Kaen, and we joined the sub district community forest committee, villagers, students and soldiers based in the area to plant 300 trees of indigenous species such as Afzelia xylocarpa (Kurz) Craib, Sindora siamensis Teijsm.ex Miq.,Dolichandrone serrulata (Wall. ex DC.) Seem., Phyllanthus emblica L., Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. exKurzto enhance biodiversity.